The vaginal mesh is a semi-permeable barried implanted surgically through the vagina to keep internal organs in place. They are typically used to treat female Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI) and Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP).
“Vaginal sling,” or “bladder sling,” procedures are often used to treat pelvic organ prolapse- a condition in which a woman’s reproductive organs fall into or through her vaginal opening. The front wall of the vagina, which supports the bladder, can weaken or loosen with age or significant bodily stress such as childbirth. During prolapse, the bladder descends into the vagina and may trigger problems such as urinary difficulties, discomfort, and stress incontinence (urine leakage by sneezing, coughing, etc).
Approximately 750,000 transvaginal surgical mesh patches were implanted each year. The patches are designed so that they can be folded when inserted and then spring open to lay flat once in place.
An initial recall was announced in December 2005, but additional mesh products were not added to the recall until March 2006 and January 2007. The FDA has classified the mesh since the product carries a reasonable probability of causing serious adverse health complications, including death because of the piercing of the broken mesh or coils through body organs.
FDA A transvaginal mesh implant is done to treat lower body issues like Pelvic organ prolapse or stress urinary incontinence. The doctors trust this treatment to treat the weak vaginal wall to support the urethra or bladder neck. Before the end of 2019, these treatments were very popular among people for their POP issues, but due to some complications recorded by the patients, FDA banned all these treatments in 2019.
Common complications are as follows:
- Erosion of the mesh into the vagina
- Urinary problems
- Pelvic pain
- Vaginal pain
- Hardening of the vaginal mesh
- Corrective surgeries
- Injury to nearby organs
- Difficulty during sex after vaginal surgery
- Destroyed marital relations
What is a transvaginal mesh implant?
It is a POP repair treatment in which a net-like device is used to repair a women’s bladder or pelvic area. Transvaginal is a medical term refers to the treatment with which they implant a net-like device in the pelvic area to tighten the loose muscles.
These meshes are made from polypropylene which is a type of plastic. Some manufacturers claimed to manufacture these meshes with animal tissues to avoid plastic reactions inside the body. These surgical meshes permanently treat pelvic organ prolapse or stress urinary incontinence. That’s why there were a large number of women who got this treatment. According to research, the doctors performed 260,000 surgeries for POP using transvaginal mesh implants in 2010, which is a huge amount.
Why FDA banned transvaginal mesh?
In 2019, the FDA issued orders to stop selling transvaginal meshes to treat POP issues and stop transvaginal mesh implants. FDA claimed that they could not find any healthy evidence for the benefits of using these treatments for POP treatment, but the possible risk ratio was higher than that of benefits. After these orders, many women complained against mesh manufacturers because they also faced drastic health issues.
What are the significant harms of using a Transvaginal mesh implant?
There was a list of complications behind the discontinuity of mesh availability in the market that you must know about. Transvaginal mesh implants are still available in the market as many doctors support them, yet we can never deny the harm they caused previously. The following are possible health risks with transvaginal mesh implants that you must keep your eyes on.
- Irregular bleeding or vaginal discharge that you haven’t noticed before
- Pelvic pain or unusual swelling in the private part of the female body
- Discomfort in having intercourse
- Bladder or bowel problems that you never experienced before
- Prickling feeling or severe stabbing pain in the vagina, which keeps on growing as you exercise.
- Severe abdominal pain
- Pain in the buttock or the area around
- Leg pain
These are some issues that were reported by the patients after having transvaginal mesh implants. Know that the issue starts from a minor discomfort that everyone ignores, but this negligence may lead to unbearable pain and sometimes more than that.
How to know if you are suffering from transvaginal mesh implant complications?
Many people ignore the minor discomfort that they feel after having implants, but this discomfort can be signs of a larger problem. Here are somethings to look out for:
- If you feel discomfort while urinating or observe any change in the urine, know that there is something wrong with your implant.
- When you fell pain while having intercourse with your partner after having a mesh implant, it is an indication that you must seek your doctor’s assistance with your mesh implant.
- Pelvic pain, which persists for a long time even after having pain killers.
If you are having any of these symptoms, do not ignore them.
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